Whilst many of us will be looking forward to the new football season resuming, there has been an interesting tax case recently concerning the employment status of referees.
The Upper Tier Tribunal has rejected an appeal by HMRC concerning whether referees officiating at matches in the Championship and lower leagues were employees of Professional Game Match Officials Limited (PGMOL).
Whilst referees in charge of Premier League matches are employees of PGMOL those refereeing other matches have always been treated as self-employed.
A crucial determinant was the degree of control over the individual and whether there is "mutuality of obligations" (MOO) between the parties.
This means that the employer is obliged to provide work and the employee is obliged to perform the work provided. The Upper Tribunal decided that no such obligations were present.
MOO is a key factor in determining employment status and it is considered that insufficient weighting is placed on this factor when using the Check Employment Status for Tax (CEST) software which is a cornerstone of the "off-payroll" working rules scheduled to be rolled out to the private sector from 6 April 2021.